- Is aware of strangers
- Tugs at or reaches for adults to get their attention
- Begins drinking from a cup
- Demonstrates affection
- Begins to smile at own accomplishments
- Avoid violence and anger at home, on television, and in videos.
- Speak in a calm, soothing manner to make baby feel safe.
- Have baby sit with the family during meals.
- Play pat-a-cake with baby.
- Let baby hold and try drinking from a cup containing a small amount of liquid. (A cup with a spout in the lid makes it easier.)
- Hug and kiss baby often.
- Respond with a hug or by talking when baby reaches for you.
- Smile and hug baby when baby seems proud of an accomplishment.
Language and Understanding Skills
- Waves bye-bye
- Responds to “no-no”
- Starts responding to simple questions (“Want more Juice?”) with gestures, facial expressions, and reaching
- Shakes head “no”
- Recognizes familiar words (mommy, daddy, ball, cookie)
- Looks at pictures in book
- Enjoys nursery rhymes and songs
- Make puppet from sock and pretend the puppet is talking to baby.
- Read nursery rhymes and sing songs to baby.
- Help baby look at family photos and scrapbooks.
- Point to and name objects.
- Listen and respond to communication from baby.
- Talk about activities as you do them with or near baby.
- Ask baby simple questions (“Want a biscuit?”).
- Say “no-no” to baby only when you mean it and do not change your mind.
Small Muscle (Fine Motor) Skills
- Holds own bottle or cup with a spout
- Picks up small objects using thumb and finger
- Uses two hands together with coordination (picks up cup, bangs two blocks together)
- Claps hands
- Drops objects on purpose
- Feeds self finger foods (dry cereal, crackers, small pieces of fruit)
- Show baby how to stack blocks, boxes, or empty spools of thread.
- Let baby play with safe, unbreakable pots, pans , and utensils.
- Help baby put objects into a container.
- Give baby empty boxes of various sizes to play with.
- Give baby dry cereal to feed self. (Do not give baby whole grapes, hot dogs, peanuts, popcorn, or other items baby may choke on.)
Large Muscles (Gross Motor) Skills
- Gets into sitting position from lying down position
- Sits down from standing position
- Walks with assistance
- Stands alone
- Bangs two toys together
- Play stand up/sit down imitation game.
- Help baby walk with and without support.
- Let baby “cruise”-walk around holding onto furniture. (Make sure you have child-proofed areas baby uses.)
- Bang soft objects together and encourage baby to imitate.
- Imitate baby’s actions.
- Roll ball to baby and encourage baby to roll it back.