- Likes being read to
- Shows more independence by putting on clothes, feeding self, washing and drying hands
- Exhibits curiosity and is “into everything”
- Has special relationship with each parent or caregiver
- Enjoys playing next to another child, but does not interact much with other child
- Enjoys touching and hugging
- May experience fear when separated from caregiver
- Encourage gentle play; discourage violent play.
- Encourage child to dress and undress self.
- Encourage child to help with household chores (carry napkins to table, pick up and put away toys).
- Encourage child to use both a spoon and a fork.
- Give child time to get used to new situations and new caregivers.
- Encourage child to play near other children by providing two of the same toy for them to use.
- Follow through with appropriate expectations and discipline. (Don’t change “no” to “yes” because child has a tantrum.)
- Show an interest in your child’s play.
Language and Understanding Skills
- Chooses among toys to play with
- Imitates another child’s play
- Begins to ask questions
- Puts two or more words together (“Go out,” “Get up”)
- Asks for items by name (ball, doll, cookie)
- Follows one- or two-step directions
- Give simple directions for child to follow (“Get your shoes.”)
- Play a simple game of Simon Says.
- Read to child five to ten minutes each day; develop a bedtime book-reading ritual.
- Do not allow child to watch many television or videotape programs. If child does watch television, watch with child and do not allow child to view violent or sexually explicit programs.
- Answer child’s questions simply.
- Label toy boxes/bins with picture of toy.
- Give child enough time to finish an activity.
Small Muscle (Fine Motor) Skills
- Scribbles and imitates simple strokes (vertical line, horizontal line, circular stroke)
- Takes off socks and shoes
- Takes things apart and puts them back together
- Help child put objects through an opening in a container and then dump them out again.
- Give child simple nesting boxes or plastic measuring cups to arrange.
- Give child simple insert puzzle to complete (two or three pieces).
- Allow child to finger paint with pudding.
- Provide chalk, markers, pencils, paint, and brushes for use on sidewalk, large paper, newspaper.
- Let child handle nontoxic modeling clay and shaving cream.
- Provide paper for child to tear.
Large Muscle (Gross Motor) Skills
- Jumps with both feet
- Moves body in time to music
- Walks up and down stairs with help
- Attempts to kick a ball
- Help child learn to jump with both feet by holding child’s hands while you jump.
- Listen to music and swing, clap, and dance to the music with child.
- Have short running races on soft surfaces (grass, carpet).
Play kick the ball.