Personal and Social Skills
- Enjoys having people clap
- Shows affection or sympathy for others
- Plays chasing and hiding games
- Plays ball or other games with an adult
- Shows specific wants by gestures and vocalizations
- Becomes attached to favorite possession (blanket, toy)
- Begins learning skills to become independent (removing garments, using a spoon or fork)
- May have anxiety about parent leaving
- Provide safe, peaceful environment.
- Sing to child.
- Make up songs to describe daily care routines.
- Give child a washcloth and encourage child to “wash,” hug, and kiss a doll.
- Let child help undress self.
- Let child start feeding self with a spoon.
- Ask child to show how big child is (help child raise hands high).
- Take child on outings (zoo, park) and talk about the things you see and do with child.
- Help child understand that although you may leave you will always come back.
Language and Understanding Skills
- Points to body parts (head, foot) when they are named
- Begins to say names of body parts
- Points to several objects or pictures when they are named
- Follows simple commands (“Sit down,” “let go”)
- Encourage child to repeat familiar words.
- While child is bathing or dressing, name body parts and encourage child to repeat the names.
- Look at a picture book with child and help child name objects in the pictures.
- Use simple cause and effect toys (busy box, jack-in-the-box).
- Sing nursery rhymes and other children’s songs over and over again.
- Do finger plays with child while singing songs (Itsy, Bitsy Spider).
Small Muscle Skills
- Feeds self with spoon
- Attempts scribbling
- Stacks small objects
- Builds tower of two or more blocks
- Play game with blocks (stack them up, knock them down).
- Encourage child to draw or scribble with a crayon or water-soluble marker.
- Push, squeeze, and play with beanbags or soft sponge balls.
- Encourage child to feed self with a spoon.
Large Muscles Skills
- Walks alone
- Throws a ball
- Sits in a chair
- Stoops to pick up an object
- Hold child’s hand as child walks up stairs.
- Allow child to walk and explore as much as possible, but always with supervision.
- Provide pull toys and push toys for child to play with.
- Roll and throw ball or bean bag with child.
- Provide child-size furniture for child to use. Sturdy step stools or boxes can be used.
Roll a large ball to child and ask child to roll it back to you.