|Personal and Social Skills
- Nurses at mother’s breast or sucks from a bottle
- Comforts to soothing, gentle sounds
- Smiles in response to adult’s smile
Looks at face when spoken to
- Tells primary caregiver from other adults
- Startles or cries at sudden loud noises
- Provide a safe, peaceful environment, now and always.
- Nurse baby or hold baby close while bottle-feeding.
- Hold baby often; cuddle and caress baby.
- Respond quickly to baby’s cries by meeting baby’s needs.
- Smile at baby. Make eye contact.
- Hang a crib mobile. (Remove it before baby learns to sit alone.)
- Softly sing lullabies to baby and play soothing music.
- Speak in a calm, soothing voice.
Language and Understanding Skills
- Expresses hunger or desire to suck with cues such as making eager sounds, sticking out tongue, pursing lips, or other mouth movement
- Shows excitement before feeding and other familiar routines
- Expresses demands with cries or other sounds
- Gurgles and coos
- Responds to sound of rattle
- Talk or sing to baby during feeding, changing, and bathing-and throughout the day.
- Provide many different sounds for baby (soft music, rattle, birds singing, radio, bell).
- Imitate sounds baby makes.
- When you talk or sing to baby, allow time for baby to respond.
- Listen to and watch baby to get to know baby’s cues.
- Respond to baby’s cues.
Small Muscles (Fine Motor) Skills
- Follows bright objects with eyes
- Looks at object held in own hand
- Attempts to grasp adult’s finger
- Holds objects for a few seconds
- Sucks well
- Gently dangle and move objects in front of baby for baby to watch and then reach for.
- Provide various textures for baby to feel (terry cloth, stuffed and live animals, grass, carpet, smooth wood).
- Place objects (your finger, rattle) in baby’s hand to stimulate grasp.
Large Muscle (Gross Motor) Skills
- Lifts head while lying on stomach
- Holds head up when held in sitting position
- Begins to reach toward object
- Automatically turns head to one side while lying down
- Moves arms and legs
- While baby is on stomach, dangle black and white or brightly colored objects in front of baby to encourage baby to lift head.
- Do not place baby on stomach to sleep. Back sleeping is safest, even for naps.
- Hold baby in a sitting position with head and neck supported as needed, so baby begins to hold head steady.
- To encourage sitting, briefly prop baby in corner of couch (supervised).
- Help baby splash and move arms and legs during bath time.