Your Child’s Development

Skills such as standing up, scribbling, babbling, and pointing to body parts are called developmental milestones. Children reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, behave, and move (crawling, walking, etc.). For an overview of age-appropriate developmental milestones, please see the chart included below. For a more detailed look at developmental milestones select the age appropriate image below.

 0_3months  3_6months  6_9months  9_12months   12_18months   18_24months   2-3years   3_4years   4-5-years

Developmental Milestones at a Glance

AgeGross MotorFine MotorCognitive, Linguistic, and CommunicationSocial-Emotional
6 monthsSits up with no support; rolls overMove toys between hands; reachesTurns to voice or rattling sound; squealsResponds to name; smiles when he/she sees a parent
1 yearStands alone; pulls self to stand; takes steps with or without supportPuts block in cup; picks up objects with finger and thumb; pointsImitates vocalizations/ sounds; babbles; says single wordsWaves hi or bye-bye; imitates activities; plays pat-a-cake; follows simple commands
2 yearsThrows ball overhand; jumps up; kicks ball; walks up stepsStacks towers of 4-6 cubes; turns book pagesSays 50 words; names pictures; combines words; follows simple instructionsPuts on clothing; removes garments; uses pretend items in play
3 yearsBalances on each foot; jumps on one-footWiggle thumb; copies lines and circles; stacks towers of 6-8 cubes; strings large beadsSpeaks more clearly; names colors and pictures; names 7 body partsNames friends; brushes teeth with help; uses words to describe emotions (happy, sad)
4 yearsHops on one foot; rides a tricycleDraw a person with 3 parts; stacks towers of 10+ cubes; copies shapesSpeaks more clearly; defines words; describes pictures; uses past tense and pluralsFollows three unrelated directions; talks about activities; sings familiar songs; plays with others
5 yearsBalances on each foot for 10 seconds or longer; somersaults (tuck and roll); swingsCopies patterns; prints some letters; cuts with safety scissorsRecalls parts of a story; speaks in sentences of more than 5 words; names oppositesWants to please friends; more likely to agree to rules; likes to sing, dance, act
6-8 yearsRides a 2-wheel bicycle; skips; plays jumpHolds and uses a pencil easily; copies designs, shapes, letters and numbersUnderstands more complex grammar and vocabulary; increased reading abilitiesThinks about the future; is concerned for others and his/her friendships; displays increased independence


Please note that this is only a guide developed from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Learn the Signs, Act Early campagin. All children develop differently. If you have additional questions, want to complete a developmental screening, or need further information regarding developmental questions, contact your local Help Me Grow initiative click here.


Am mother with child on back


For more information about developmental milestones, please read the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Learn the Signs, Act Early initiative’s developmental milestones booklet available here. For the same resource in Spanish, please click here.

To learn about safety in the home, neighborhood, school and more, please read the ACLS Training Center’s Pediatric Health and Safety Guide.