Skills such as standing up, scribbling, babbling, and pointing to body parts are called developmental milestones. Children reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, behave, and move (crawling, walking, etc.). For an overview of age-appropriate developmental milestones, please see the chart included below. For a more detailed look at developmental milestones select the age appropriate image below.
Developmental Milestones at a Glance
|Age||Gross Motor||Fine Motor||Cognitive, Linguistic, and Communication||Social-Emotional|
|6 months||Sits up with no support; rolls over||Move toys between hands; reaches||Turns to voice or rattling sound; squeals||Responds to name; smiles when he/she sees a parent|
|1 year||Stands alone; pulls self to stand; takes steps with or without support||Puts block in cup; picks up objects with finger and thumb; points||Imitates vocalizations/ sounds; babbles; says single words||Waves hi or bye-bye; imitates activities; plays pat-a-cake; follows simple commands|
|2 years||Throws ball overhand; jumps up; kicks ball; walks up steps||Stacks towers of 4-6 cubes; turns book pages||Says 50 words; names pictures; combines words; follows simple instructions||Puts on clothing; removes garments; uses pretend items in play|
|3 years||Balances on each foot; jumps on one-foot||Wiggle thumb; copies lines and circles; stacks towers of 6-8 cubes; strings large beads||Speaks more clearly; names colors and pictures; names 7 body parts||Names friends; brushes teeth with help; uses words to describe emotions (happy, sad)|
|4 years||Hops on one foot; rides a tricycle||Draw a person with 3 parts; stacks towers of 10+ cubes; copies shapes||Speaks more clearly; defines words; describes pictures; uses past tense and plurals||Follows three unrelated directions; talks about activities; sings familiar songs; plays with others|
|5 years||Balances on each foot for 10 seconds or longer; somersaults (tuck and roll); swings||Copies patterns; prints some letters; cuts with safety scissors||Recalls parts of a story; speaks in sentences of more than 5 words; names opposites||Wants to please friends; more likely to agree to rules; likes to sing, dance, act|
|6-8 years||Rides a 2-wheel bicycle; skips; plays jump||Holds and uses a pencil easily; copies designs, shapes, letters and numbers||Understands more complex grammar and vocabulary; increased reading abilities||Thinks about the future; is concerned for others and his/her friendships; displays increased independence|
Please note that this is only a guide developed from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Learn the Signs, Act Early campagin. All children develop differently. If you have additional questions, want to complete a developmental screening, or need further information regarding developmental questions, contact your local Help Me Grow initiative click here.
For more information about developmental milestones, please read the Center for Disease Control (CDC) Learn the Signs, Act Early initiative’s developmental milestones booklet available here. For the same resource in Spanish, please click here.
To learn about safety in the home, neighborhood, school and more, please read the ACLS Training Center’s Pediatric Health and Safety Guide.